Many consider Brazil to be the greatest source of gems on earth, with spectacular stones of unparalleled beauty and geodes so large you can climb inside. What gemstones come from Brazil? Probably any you can think of, but some varieties stand out.

Over time, people have passed down tales of ancient Brazilian tribes who let their children use diamonds as playthings. But the first documented discovery of gems was in 1573—a trove of emeralds. In the 17th century, gold mines followed, and then diamonds. In fact, Brazil was the largest provider of diamonds until South Africa uncovered its legendary mines. Today the resource-rich land is host to countless Brazilian gemstones, including those below.


When you combine chalcedony and quartz, you get this stunning gemstone with a wide range of banded colors. Brazilian agate is mostly mined from decomposed volcanic ash and basalt. Because the stone is so hard, it can be used in a number of ways. And because agate has such incredible color and structure, it’s hard to decide on just one. Larger pieces of agate make for dramatic lamps, tables, and works of art.


This violet semiprecious stone was once extremely precious—as valuable as sapphires and rubies. But since a dizzying amount of amethysts resides in Brazil, the lower prices have made them accessible for more people. The distinct color is the result of iron added to its crystal structure while it’s still in the ground. In jewelry, the deepest purples with flashes of red and blue are the most expensive, but gem lovers often prefer the softer shades. Gift alert: it’s the birthstone for February.


Valued for its amber hue, this golden quartz is also reputed to attract money. Brazil is the largest source of citrines—the Serra mines of Rio Grande do Sul. These mines produce a wide range of colors from pale lemon yellow to burnt orange. They are perfect for anyone who loves the warm tones of autumn or is drawn to yellow gold. Gift alert: Citrines are a birthstone for November.


This is an umbrella term for many gemstones, and Brazil produces more than any other location. No other country can compare in terms of quality, either. Smoky, rutile, strawberry, rose—there’s quartz for everyone. Both amethysts and citrines are coveted forms of quartz, which in its most basic form is colorless. The largest quartz crystal ever found is still in Brazil, weighing almost 90,000 pounds.

What gemstones come from Brazil? You’ll find a comprehensive, genuine selection of them—along with one-of-a-kind handcrafted pieces—at Brazil Gems. They’re a unique, meaningful, stylish way to enjoy these natural wonders in your own home.

Sabrina Dadalt